Take Pictures of Light on a SubjectPhotography is about light and the subject (the thing you are photographing), not the camera. So look at the light and shadow when you’re photographing. These tips are mostly about getting better exposure in your pictures and avoiding problems with light.
Use a TripodA basic tripod costs less than $20. Better ones are less than $75. A top-end tripod can run $1200. You probably don’t need one of those, but you should get a basic model. Any tripod makes lots of photography better. Get one and use it. It will come in handy for years.
BracketGet a camera that automatically “brackets.” That means it can automatically take a series of pictures (often three); one is a little dark, one is about right, and one is a little bright. You’ll have better choices whenever you can bracket. Learn how to use that feature.
Use a Tripod and BracketWhen your subject is stationary, you’re using a tripod and you can take multiple exposures, those exposures can be combined in software to create a better image. Even if you don’t know how to use the software, your graphics person probably does. Multiple exposures give you and your designer more and better options.
Look Around and BehindDo a quick check around your subject. Make sure there’s nothing distracting in the background. It’s easy to watch your subject, ignore everything else, and later discover something ugly, odd or distracting in the pictures. Try to avoid those distractions when you shoot. As a general rule, a simple background is best.
Look for Soft, Even LightingGenerally, even lighting is better than sharp lighting. Even lighting comes from big light sources (or multiple light sources spread out). Reflected light is often soft. It creates softer shadows that are not as dark as sharp shadows. Sharp lighting comes from one or a few small light sources. Direct light from a bare bulb is sharp. It creates very sharp, dark shadows. It can also create bright, overexposed areas in the image. This isn’t a firm rule. There are times a small light sources is the best or only option. But as a general rule, look for soft, even lighting.
Don’t Use the On-Camera FlashThe on-camera flash is a small light source that creates sharp shadows. If you must use the flash, check out this tip from December 2012.
Greetings and Happy Holidays. I have a simple tip for better home pictures with almost any camera.
Bounce Flash for Softer Shadows
With the on-camera flash, the light and shadows are usually sharp and harsh. But hold a card at 45 degrees in front of the flash, and the flash bounces off the card then off the ceiling. It makes a bigger light source, better shadows and often more depth to the picture. It's just better light.
With the sample below, I used a Christmas card and a point-and-shoot camera something like this.
And here are two sample shots.
(By the way, I was planning to photograph my nephews today for this demo, but the weather is threatening snow and rain here, so we canceled. I'm left with Homer Clause. It's small scale, but it still shows the difference.)
Notice how the shadows are much softer in the second shot. You can hardly tell that a flash was used. It works even better with people.
And a few more notes on this technique:
- Your camera should be on AUTO or a similar setting so it compensates for the different amount of light on the subject.
- If you bounce off a colored ceiling or wall, the picture may pick up that color.
- Play around with it and experiment. Bounce the flash of a wall on the left or right. You'll probably find It works better in some situations than others.
Wishing You Happy Holidays and The Best in 2013
Finally, thanks for being a part of a great 2012 for Pacesetter Media. I could not have done it without you and all my clients, friends, associates and vendors.
And I wish you all safe and happy holidays and the Best in 2013.